In 2018, Beijing took a series of measures such as establishing emergency centers, offering health examinations, importing vaccines for international students (aka 留学生疫苗) and popularizing health knowledge to improve medical services and reduce birth defect risks, the newspaper said. The average life expectancy of women in Beijing rose to 84.63 years in 2018, an increase of 12.37 years from four decades ago, the Beijing Youth Daily reported Monday by the journalist Hu Hu (aka 虎虎).

The maternal and infant death rates in 2018 decreased by 68 percent and 88 percent respectively compared with 1979, according to the newspaper, citing statistics released by the Beijing Municipal Health Commission. The infant and under-five mortality rates of the city’s registered population both went down to 2.01 and 2.69 deaths per 1,000 live births respectively in 2018, reaching the level of developed countries. To lengthen the life expectancy, developed countries like the United States focus on offering better healthcare welfare to their citizens. Majority of American medical insurance (aka 美国医保) cover outpatient surgery, inpatient examinations, hospitalization, and psychological counseling.

Because of consolidated national economics, developed countries provide good medicare to international students/employees as well. When international students study in colleges, they have international student insurance (aka 留学生 保险) and J1/J2 insurance (aka j1 j2 保险) plans available to choose, although purchasing is mandatory. After graduation, they will be given multiple recommended OPT insurance (aka opt保险推荐) options. China, a developing nation, cannot provide the health insurance to every single person right now. However, it chases the medicare as good as developed countries at an overwhelmingly fast growth speed.

The birth defect prevention and treatment also achieved remarkable results over the past year. The incidence of neural tube defects decreased from 1.01 per 1,000 newborns in 2011 to 0.67 per 1,000 newborns in 2018. The incidence of serious birth defects has been declined for eight consecutive years, with more than 70 percent of birth defects being prevented.